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写作专题十四 非完整句的错误

2012-07-30 12:07:26
分类:教你写作

非完整句的错误

一个完整的句子应该有完整的结构来表达完整的意思。有的考生喜欢写很长的句子来表达意思,最后发现句子结构不完整。这与获取高分的原意背道而驰。例如,

 

一.结构完整句的要求

       所有英文句子都必须符合两条定律:“1 + N”与“M-1=引导词”。只要违反这两条定律的都叫“非完整句”。例如

1. He failed to pass the examination. Which disappointed his parents.

2. I think this film is poor. Even though so many people enjoy seeing it.

3. With 2000 junior students and 1000 senior students. Our school had become rather crowded.

       4. They got up very early that day ad left at once. Hoping to catch the 7:00 train to Paris.

       5. They planned a trip to London. A trip to get many new experiences.

 

上述句子全部违反“M-1=引导词”定律,可以应用“M-1=引导词”定律,修改为复合句,如下:

1. He failed to pass the examination, which disappointed his parents.

2. I think this film is poor, even though so many people enjoy seeing it.

3. Because there are 2000 junior students and 1000 senior students, our school had become rather crowded.

       4. They got up very early that day ad left at once, because they hoped to catch the 7:00 train to Paris.

       5. They planned a trip to London, the purpose of which was to get many new experiences.

 

上述句子同时可以应用“1 + N”定律, 修改为简单句,如下:

1. He failed to pass the examination, disappointing his parents.

2. I think this film is poor, despite its large audience.

3. With 2000 junior students and 1000 senior students, our school had become rather crowded.

       4. They got up very early that day ad left at once, hoping to catch the 7:00 train to Paris.

       5. They planned a trip to London, a trip to get many new experiences.

 

 

. 练习: 找出并纠正下列句子中“非完整句”的错误。

1. China is no longer what used to be.

2. Although is nine years old, this little girl plays the piano very well.

3. It was a pity that there were only 15 people came to the party last night.

4. Reading being a process of mentally interpreting written symbols. It involves a series of action that are related to each other.

5. Old people are faced with many problems. For example, their dependence on fixed incomes and poor medical care in nursing homes.

6. The picture is about a poor little boy lived in old China.

7. Traveler’s checks are very safe. Wherever people travel their money is secure. Even if it is lost or stolen.

8. In extensive reading, our main purpose is not to learn new structures and vocabulary. But to understand as quickly and completely as possible the ideas being communicated.

9. This is a very interesting subject. So fascinating that I want to tell you about it.

10. I began to read this novel only yesterday and which I have not finished yet.,

11. The person came to see me that afternoon is an old classmate of mine.

12. Teachers are respected by everyone is especially true in our country.

 

 

 

 

. 练习答案:找出并纠正下列句子中“非完整句”的错误。

1. China is no longer what she used to be.

2. Although she is nine years old, this little girl plays the piano very well.

3. It was a pity that there were only 15 people coming to the party last night.

4. Reading is a process of mentally interpreting written symbols. It involves a series of action that are related to each other.

5. Old people are faced with many problems, such as, their dependence on fixed incomes and poor medical care in nursing homes.

6. The picture is about a poor little boy who lived in old China.

7. Wherever people travel, their money is safe even if it is lost or stolen.

8. In extensive reading, our main purpose is not to learn new structures and vocabulary but to understand as quickly and completely as possible the ideas being communicated.

9. This is a very interesting subject, so fascinating that I want to tell you about it.

10. I began to read this novel only yesterday, which I have not finished yet.

11. The person who came to see me that afternoon is an old classmate of mine.

12. The teachers are respected by everyone is especially true in our country.

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