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写作专题十五 简单句、并列句与复合句的转化

2012-07-30 12:07:28
分类:教你写作

简单句、并列句与复合句的转化

       一篇文章含有的句子具有种类的多样性,可以是简单句、并列句与复合句。三种句式配合使用会产生错落有致的美感。我们了解一下它们的特点:

简单句、并列句与复合句的特点

 

句子

优点

缺点

简单句

强劲有力,意思清晰,与长句子配合使用会产生句式的多样性美感

如果全文是简单句,评卷教师可能认为语法水平有限

并列句

意义对称、对比、对仗、对偶,读起来错落有致

用多了显得枯燥

复合句

主要意义在主句,次要意义在从句,逻辑泾渭分明,语言读来有气势

语法容易错,即使对了,句子太长读者理解有困难

结论

三种句式配合使用会产生错落有致的美感

 

一.合并简单句成为复合句或并列句

例句:My mother works in a bank.    My mother is forty-eight.

第一种方法:运用and连接为并列句:

My mother is forty-eight and she works in a bank.

第二种方法:运用引导词who 连接为复合句(定语从句):

My mother is forty-eight, who works in a bank.

 

 

二、将下列简单句连成复合句或并列句。

1. For some people mathematics is a great pleasure.

  They are able to think absolutely.

2. A team of management consultants was called in to make an investigation.

  Production had dropped 14 percent over the past year.

3. I visited my uncle.

  I had not seen my uncle for eight years.

4. The husbands discussed sports.

  The wives discussed their children.

5. We hoped the rain would soon stop.

  We would hate to spend the whole day amusing ourselves indoors.

6. I will apply for a teaching job in the university.

  I may be able to remain in school and pursue a career I like.

7. World War ended in 1945.

  There soon began the cold war.

8. Jane Eyre was sent to Lowood Asylum.

  Jane Eyre was treated harshly in the institution.

9. Many readers criticized the book severely.

  The author had to make major revisions in the second edition.

10. Ptolemy believed the earth was the center of the universe.

   Copernicus believed the earth and other planets revolved around the sun.

 

 

 

二:答案:将下列简单句连成复合句或并列句。

1. For some people who are able to think absolutely, mathematics is a great pleasure.

2A team of management consultants was called in to make an investigation, because production had dropped 14 percent over the past year.

3. I visited my uncle, whom I had not seen for eight years.

4. The husbands discussed sports, while the wives discussed their children.

5. We hoped the rain would soon stop, because we would hate to spend the whole day amusing ourselves indoors.

6. I will apply for a teaching job in the university, If I may be able to remain in school and pursue a career I like.

7. After World War ended in 1945, there soon began the cold war.

8. Jane Eyre was sent to Lowood Asylum and treated harshly in the institution.

9. Because many readers criticized the book severely, the author had to make major revisions in the second edition.

10. Ptolemy believed the earth was the center of the universe, but Copernicus believed the earth and other planets revolved around the sun.

 

 

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