博客开通
博客名称 :
博客昵称 :
自我介绍 :100字以内

信息标题
没有提示信息
用户登录
登录名 :立即注册
密 码 :找回密码
Cookie :

页面设置

正文

写作专题十七 状语从句常用句型介绍

2012-07-30 12:07:06
分类:教你写作

状语从句常用句型介绍

一.基本概念

状语从句又叫副词性从句,它是用来修饰动词、形容词或者副词的句子。结构是 句子 + 引导词 + 句子 ,关键是要抓对引导词。列表如下:

 

种类

连接词

例句

时间状语从句

when, by the time, as soon as, every/each time, while, before, since, after, until, no sooner…than…, hardly…when…

When he came in, I was eating lunch.

地点状语从句

where, wherever

I put the book where it was.

原因状语从句

because, as, since, for…

He did not come because he was ill.

比较状语从句

than, as…as, not as/so…as, (第2as才是连接词)

He is taller than I.

目的状语从句

so that, in order that…that才是连接词)

Bring it nearer so that I can see more clearly.

结果状语从句

so…that, such…that that才是连接词)

He made such progress that I praised him.

条件状语从句

if, unless, as/so long as(第2as才是连接词)

If it rains, I will not come tomorrow.

方式状语从句

as, as if/thoughthough才是连接词)

He did as I had told him.

让步状语从句

though, while, although, no matter who/what/how when/where

He failed however/no matter how he tried.

 

注意下面一些小规则:

1. 在时间和条件状语从句中,如果主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时。例如,

       It will not be long before he returns.

If it rains, I will not come tomorrow.

2. 时间状语从句有一些习惯的时态搭配,例如:

I have lived in Guangzhou since I came here in 1987.

It is/has been five years since she died of cancer.

         I had hardly gone out when it began to rain.

I had gone out no sooner than it began to rain.

注意before的许多意义:

He wrote me a letter before he left.       然后

He got in a word before I could finish my sentence.  还没有来得及

I walked for several hours before I saw the small village. 才能够看见

You must get down to work before it is too late.     要不然就太迟

 

3. 目的状语从句的谓语习惯使用“will/would/may/might/can/could… + do”表示虚拟。

       He sat in the front of the classroom in order that he could hear clearly.

4. 方式状语从句as if/though的谓语可以使用虚拟(用陈述也可以),例如:

       He looked as if he were ill.      (werelooked同时发生,当时有病)

       He looked as if he had been ill.  (werelooked之前发生,大病过一场)

       He looked at his enemy angrily, as if he would eat him. would eat发生在looked之后发生,将要吃掉他)

 

 

二.状语从句在高考基础写作中的运用

       在过去三年广东高考(2007-2009年),状语从句在基础写作中有非常广泛的应用。例如,我们首先翻译以下句子:

1.       调查表明,一半女生挑选电视与电影明星作为她们的偶像,然而48%的男生青睐(favor)体育明星。(对比状语从句while

2.       选择伟人(great figures)的男生的百分比与女生的百分比是一样的。(比较状语从句the same as

3.       对我来说,是我的偶像,因为他的发明极大地改变了我们的生活。(原因状语从句)

4.       直到19世纪射击发展为一项运动。(时间状语从句)

5.       他解释说,近视的原因是如此的复杂(complicated以致没有任何药物能够治愈(cure)它。(结果状语从句)

6.       她决心成为一名歌手,无论遇到什么困难。

7.       不管费多大劲,我都无法说服他改变主意。

8.       他们通宵达旦地工作是为了提前完成任务。

9.       他永远也无法原谅妻子在他最需要她的时候离开了他。

10.   虽然美国英语与英国英语之间存在差别,但大多数时候,这两个国家的人在理解对方时不会有任何困难。

 

参考答案:

1. The survey shows that half of the girls choose film and TV stars as their idols, while 48% of the boys favor sports stars.

2. The percentage of the boys choosing “great figures” is the same as that of the girls.

3. As for myself, Thomas Edison is my idol, because his inventions have greatly changed our life.

4. Shooting did not develop into a sport until the 19th century.

5. He explained that the causes for shortsightedness are so complicated that no medicine can cure it.

6.  She decided to be a singer no matter what great difficulty she might come across.

7.       No matter how hard I tried, I couldn’t persuade him to change his mind.

8.       They worked throughout the night in order that they could complete the task ahead of time.

They kept on working throughout the night so as to finish the work earlier than planned.

9.       Never would he forgive his wife because she left him when he needed her most.

10.   Although there are some differences between American English and British English, most of the time people from both countries do not have any difficulty in understanding each other.

 

已投稿到:排行榜
阅读( )| 评论( 0 )