博客开通
博客名称 :
博客昵称 :
自我介绍 :100字以内

信息标题
没有提示信息
用户登录
登录名 :立即注册
密 码 :找回密码
Cookie :

页面设置

正文

写作专题十八 名词性从句常用句型介绍

2012-07-30 12:07:50
分类:教你写作

名词性从句常用句型介绍

一.基本概念

名词性从句的功能相当于名词,它在句子中充当主语、宾语、表语和同位语。结构是 句子 + 引导词 + 句子 ,关键是要抓对引导词。列表如下:

 

连接词

分类

例句

that, whether, if, who, whose, what(ever), which(ever),

how, why, when, where(ver),

主语从句

What he said is right.

That he came is good news.

宾语从句

I knew where he had gone.

I do not know whether he will come

表语从句

The question is how we can get there.

That is why he did not come

同位语从句

I have no idea whose book it is.

The fact surprised that he would not come.

注意下面一些小规则:

1. 宾语从句与表语从句需要与主句的时态配合:主句是现在时范畴,从句可以使用所需要的任何时态;主句是过去时范畴,从句一般也是过去时范畴。例如:

       I think that he will come/came to your help.   (will come是现在是范畴;came是过去时范畴,都对。)

   I thought that he would come/had come to your help. (would comehad come 都是过去时范畴,都对。)

 

2. 经常使用it充当形式宾语和形式主语,避免句子头重脚轻。例如:

       I found it too hard for him to finish the work in 2 days.     (形式宾语)

       It is believed that the earth was flat at that time in Europe.   (形式主语)

 

3. 同位语从句与定语从句的区别方法:把引导词前面的名词代入从句,

       I liked the idea that he suggested to me. idea代入从句变为he suggested the idea to me,句子通顺成立,是定语从句)

   I liked the idea that he would come at once. idea代入从句变为he would come the idea at once,句子不成立,是同位语从句)

 

4. thatwhat的区别

 

项目

that

what

区别

不充当成分,起连接作用

充当主语、宾语和表语

例句

I know that he helped you just now. (引导宾语从句,不充当成分)

That he came is true. (引导主语从句,不充当成分)

My idea is that you should come. (引导表语从句,不充当成分)

I have no idea that he has come. (引导同位语从句,不充当成分)

What he said is true. (引导主语从句,充当宾语)

What will happen is a mystery. (引导主语从句,充当主语)

I have no idea what he is. (引导同位语从句,充当表语)

 

二.名词性从句在高考基础写作与读写任务中的运用

       在过去三年广东高考(2007-2009年),名词性从句在基础写作与读写任务中有应用。我们首先翻译以下句子:

1.       调查表明,虽然明星受到62%男生与56%女生的欢迎,男孩子倾向于(tend)喜欢体育明星。(宾语从句)

2.       有现象表明(demonstrate),父母是女孩的第二最受欢迎的偶像。(主语从句)

3.       他建议,应该避免过度用眼(overuse),鼓励多参加户外活动。(宾语从句)

4.       同时他提醒我们,握笔的姿势也与近视有关(related to)(时间状语从句)

5.       前往动物园的人很想和动物拍照,这也是情理之中的(reasonable)。(主语从句)

6.       我们不能参加会议真遗憾。

7.       你不知道那些日子我们有多忙。

8.       他们表达了要再来中国的愿望。

9.       你们愿意写什么话题就写什么话题。

10.   毫无疑问,我们的朋友约翰会来加入我们。

 

 

参考答案:

1.       The survey shows that though stars are popular with both boys (62%) and girls (56%), boys tend to love sport stars.

2.       It is also demonstrated that parents are the second most popular with girls.

3.       He suggested that overuse of eyes be avoided and more outdoor activities be encouraged.

4.       He also reminded us that how to hold a pen is also related to short-sightedness.

5.       It is reasonable that many people who go to the zoo want to take photos with the lovely animals.

6.  It is a pity that we cannot attend the meeting.

7.       You don’t know how busy we were in those days.

8.       They expressed the hope that they would come to China again.

9.       You can write whatever topic you want to.

10.   There is no doubt that our friend Tom will come around to join us.

 

已投稿到:排行榜
阅读( )| 评论( 0 )