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写作专题二十七 强调句型it与there句型的使用

2012-07-30 13:07:07
分类:教你写作

强调句型itthere句型的使用

一.强调句型it

       强调句型必须强调一个成分而非单词,公式是:it is/was + 被强调部分 + that + 句子剩下部分,例如,句子I saw your friend John at the party yesterday的主语、宾语、状语都可以强调,但是不可以强调谓语、表语。

强调主语:

It was I that saw your friend John at the party yesterday.

强调宾语:

It was your friend John that I saw at the party yesterday.

强调时间状语

It was at the party that I saw your friend John yesterday.

强调地点状语

It was yesterday that I saw your friend John at the party.

       如果拆掉it is/was… that结构,剩下的部分可以拼装成为一个完整的句子。

 

 

二.there be句型

我们介绍三个句子:

There are more differences than we can imagine.   (差异比我们能够想象的还多)

There is no denying the fact that he has made progress in English. (不可否认他在英语方面取进步)

There still exist many unfair policies in this country. (在这个国家任然存在许多不公平的政策)

 

 

 

三.用强调句型把下列句子翻译成英语。

1)  他寄给我的是一张新贺卡。

2)  她正是我的老师。

3)  他读完这本小说才上床睡觉。

4)  写这封信的正是玛丽。

5)  他们打算去度假的地方不是西班牙而是中国。

6)  全靠约翰的努力工作才有可能把事情办成功。

7)  是计算机在五分钟之内解决了这个复杂问题。

8)  这正是我们要买的那本书。

9)  怀特小姐碰巧知道的就是我的电话号码。

10)你的成功完全是由于你自己的勤奋。

 

. it 句型、there be/exist句型把下列句子翻译成英语。

1)      考试作弊是可耻的。

2)      乘飞机从一个国家到另一个国家比乘火车用的时间通常要少。

3)      我觉得掌握一门外语是必要的。

4)      美国人发现击败中国队是不可能的。

5)      你不以为浪费时间是错误的吗?

6)      碰到的困难很可能会比你预计的多。

7)      有一些事情使我感到不愉快。首先是乘客的随身行李之多之杂令人不敢相信。

8)      人的一生中必须表明立场的时刻来临了。

9)      我们要击败那个队的希望似乎不大。

 

 

答案三.用强调句型把下列句子翻译成英语。

1It was a new card that he sent to me.

2)          She is none other than my teacher.

3)          It was not until he finished reading the novel that he went to bed.

4)          The letter was written by none other than Mary.

5)          It is not Spain but China that they’re going to on holiday.

6)          It was only John’s hard work that made success possible.

7)          It was the computer that solved the complicated problem within 5 minutes.

8)          This is nothing else but the book we want to buy.

9)          It was my telephone number that Miss White happened to know.

10)       Your success was due to nothing else than your own diligence.

 

 

答案四. it 句型、there be/exist句型把下列句子翻译成英语。

1. It is considered a shame to cheat in examination.

2. It usually takes much less time to fly from one country to another than to travel by train.

3. I feel it necessary to know a foreign language.

4. The Americans found it impossible trying to beat the Chinese team.

5. Don’t you think it wrong wasting your time?

6. There are likely to be more difficulties than you were prepared for.

7. There are a few things that disturb me. First of all, there is the unbelievable amount and variety of luggage that passengers bring on as cabin luggage.

8. There comes a time in a man’s life when he has to take a stand.

9. There doesn’t appear to be much hope of our beating that team.

 

 

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