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写作专题二十八 倒装句

2012-07-30 13:07:11
分类:教你写作

 倒装句

 

英语中的倒装句有其独特的魅力,在描述场景或故事情节的时候往往能令其生动而富有活力。尤其是,近几年高考中的书面表达多采用叙事或图画的形式,因此,学会恰当地运用倒装句,能使文章优美而富于变化,有效提高得分档次,从而获得理想地分数。在这一节里,我们为大家提供了各类倒装句的句法结构练习,帮助同学们完成学习和运用地双重任务。

 

一.全倒装句型

倒装句是一种高级句型,在高考写作中出现的倒装句会成为文章亮点。全倒装句型公式是:特殊词  + 谓语  + 名词主语,注意代词主语不可以倒装。特殊词包括up, down, here, there, now, then, in, out, away 等等,例如,

Here comes the bus.

There goes the bell.

Out ran the boys, who were surprised to hear the news.

 

二.半倒装句型

半倒装句型公式是:否定词 +助动词 + 主语 + 谓语 +…,注意主语无论是代词或者名词都可以倒装。否定词包括not, no, hardly, barely, scarcely, few, little,seldom等等,例如,

       Seldom did he talk about his past.

       Hardly had I gone out did it begin to rain.

       Not a single word did he say about this incident.

 

三.练习:将下列句子译成英语的倒装句。

1)  她这么自私,没有人喜欢她。

2)  只有在失去自由之后,人们才知道自由的可贵。

3)  他一点也不了解自己多么幸运。

4)  现在是我们植树的大好时机。

5)  任何时候你都不应把个人利益放在首位。

6)  这就是我们刚接到的电报。

7)  直到最近我才有点知道导弹是什么样。

8)  他声音那样大,连隔壁屋子里的人都听得见。

9)  我们曾多次警告他们不要这样做。

10)他还没有全说完,就有人起来驳斥他的观点。

 

四.练习:运用倒装句型改写句子。

1Following the roar, a tiger rushed out from among the bushes.

2) A tall policeman stood at the far end of the room.

3) Quite a number of small hydro-electric power stations are scattered in the mountains.

4) He would not give up writing his satires under any circumstances.

5) A lasting peace will be established in the area only if both sides accept the agreement.

6) He became confused to such a degree that he didn’t know where he was.

7) He spoke so loudly that even people in the next room could hear him.

8) I didn’t have any idea what a guided missile was like until recently.

9) We do not believe their nice works, and we are not intimidated by their bluster.

10) A layer of air of unknown thickness is surrounding the earth.

11) You cannot hear so many languages spoken anywhere else in the world.

12) This instrument has never been adequately tested by any properly qualified technician.

13) He looked so absurd that everyone stared at him.

14) She knows little of what goes on behind the scenes.

15) He agreed to our plan only after a long argument.

三.练习参考答案 :将下列句子译成英语的倒装句

1) So selfish is she that no one likes her.

2)           Only when one loses freedom does one know its value.

3)           Little did he realize how fortunate he was.

4)           Now is the best time for us to plant trees.

5)           At no time should you place your personal interest first.

6)           Here is the telegram we have just received.

7)           Not until quite recently did I have any idea what a guided missile was like.

8)           So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him.

9)           Often did we warn them not to do so.

10)       Hardly had he finished when someone rose to refute his views.

 

 

四.练习答案:运用倒装句型改写句子。

1)  Following the roar, our rushed a tiger rushed from among the bushes.

 2)  At the far end of the room stood a tall policeman.

 3)  Scattered in the mountains are quite a number of small hydro-electric power stations\

 4)  Under no circumstances would he give up writing his satires.

 5)  Only if both sides accept the agreement will a lasting peace be established in the area.

 6)  To such a degree did he become confused that he didn’t know where he was.

 7)  So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him.

 8)  Not until recently did I have any idea what a guided missile was like.

 9)  We do not believe their nice works, nor are we intimidated by their bluster.

 10)  Surrounding the earth is a layer of air of unknown thickness.

 11)  Nowhere else in the world can you hear so many languages.

 12)  By no properly qualified technician has this instrument ever been adequately tested.

 13)  So absurd did he look that everyone stared at him.

 14)  Little does she know of what goes on behind the scenes.

 15)  Only after a long argument did he agreed to our plan.

 

 

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