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语法突破----代词

2011-05-22 18:05:27
分类:语法突破

代词

[真题再现]

(注:本练习中将全国各地高考题中的选择题改编成了填空题。)

使用适当的代词填空:

1.       (2010天津,6) ______ in my life impressed me so deeply as my first visit to the Palace Museum.

2.       (2010上海,27) If our parents do everything for us children, we won’t learn to depend on _____.

3.       (2010全国2, 14) The doctor thought _____ would be good for you to have a holiday.

4.       (2010陕西,12) The cost of renting a house in central Xi’an is higher than _____ in any other area of the city.

5.       (2010江西,27) Swimming is my favorite sport. There is _____ like swimming as a means of keeping fit.

6.       (2010福建,22) When you introduce me to Mr. Johnson, could you please say ______ for me.

7.       (2010浙江,14) _____ that’s important is that you are doing your best and moving in the right direction.

8.       (2010安徽,21) You are a team star! Working with _____ is really your cup of tea.

9.       (2010辽宁,33) The fact that she was foreign made _____ difficult for her to get a job in that country.

10.   (2010山东,32) Helping others is a habit, _____ you can learn even at an early age.

11.   (2010四川,7) On my desk is a photo that my father took of _____ when I was a baby.

12.   (2010重庆,23) He had lost his temper and his health in the war and never found ____ of them again.

[真题再现]解析:

1.  Nothing  表示否定的不定代词nothing与比较结构连用,有什么也不如….”的意思。

2.  ourselves。反身代词作介词宾语。

3.  itit做形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式短语for you to have a holiday

4.  thatthat替代the cost

5.  nothing。考查不定代词。句意:游泳是我最喜欢的运动。作为保持健康的方式,没有什么能比得上游泳了。

6.  something。不定代词作宾语。本句表示请求,并希望得到对方肯定的回答,要用something而不用anything

7.  All。作句子结构分析,that’s important是定语从句,前面要用代词。all that 就相当于what

8.  others。句意:你是队里的明星。与别人一起工作的确实你的所爱。

9.  itit作形式宾语,真正的宾语是动词不定式短语。

10.              one。代词作同位语。one用来代替前面出现的表泛指的单数名词a habit

11.              me。分析句子结构,介词of后缺少宾语;结合句意这里要填me

12.              either。句意:战争期间他脾气变坏,健康受损;现在这两样再也找不回来了。nevereither连用,表示全部否定。

[考点归纳]

1.  代词在句子中可用来充当主语、宾语、表语、同位语等成分。形容词性的物主代词、不定代词可以用来限定名词或代词,起限定词的作用。

2.  掌握人称代词、物主代词和反身代词的用法:

A. 人称代词有主格(作主语时所使用的形式)和宾格(作宾语时所采用的形式)之分。

B. 物主代词分为形容词性的物主代词和名词性的物主代词,形容词性的物主代词用来限定名词或代词(如his classmates),名词性的物主代词在句中用来作主语、宾语和表语。

C. 反身代词除了可以用作宾语以外,还可以用作主语或宾语同位语,起加强语气的作用。例如:The thing itself is not important. (事情本身并不重要。)

3.  掌握常见的疑问代词和不定代词everyeverythingeveryoneanyanythinganyonenothingnoneallboth, anotherothereitherneitherfewlittle等的用法。

4.  替代词thatonethose用法:

A. that可用来替代单数可数名词和不可数名词,表特指,相当于“the+单数可数名词/不可数名词。替代单数可数名词时是指前面提到的同类事物。(注意与it区别开,it是指前面提到的同一事物。)例如:

I’m going to the countryside because the air there is much fresher than that in the city.  that替代the air

This dictionary is more useful than that I bought last term. that=the one

I bought a car yesterday, but it broke down this morning.

B. one用作替代词,代替(“同名异物)可数名词,相当于“a/an+单数可数名词,表泛指。其复数形式ones替代表泛指的复数名词。例如:

We’ve been looking for a house but haven’t found one we like yet.one替代a house

Cars do cause us some health problems—in fact far more serious ones than mobile phones do.ones 替代前面的problems

C. those用来替代表特指的复数名词,相当于“the+复数名词“the ones”。例如:

The items we got are not those we ordered.

5.  代词it的用法:

代词it的用法可以从两个方面去掌握。一是实义的it;二是虚义的it。实义的it可以用来指时间、季节、天气、距离、环境状况、无生命的事物等,也可代指不明性别的人或婴儿;虚义的it本身没有任何词汇意义,它在短语或句子中起结构作用,可以用来作形式主语、形式宾语等,还可以用在强调句中。

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