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语法突破----形容词和副词

2011-05-22 18:05:55
分类:语法突破

形容词和副词

[真题再现]

(注:本练习中将全国各地高考题中的选择题改编成了填空题。)

使用适当的词或所给词的正确形式填空:

1.  (2010福建)23—Volunteering is becoming            (increase) popular in China .

       —Yeah, people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves.

2. (2010福建)32Drunk driving, which was once a       (frequency) occurrence, is now under control.

3.2010湖北)23In this lecture, I can only give you a purely _______(person) view of how we can live life to the full and make some suggestions about the future.

4.2010湖北)25 If I find someone who looks like the suspect, my ______(immediate) reaction will be to tell the police.

5. 2010湖北)26I wasn't blaming anyone; I _______(merely) said errors like this could be avoided.

62010辽宁)23Jim went to answer the phone_______, Harry started to prepare lunch

72010全国13The island is ____  (equal) attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons

8.2010全国20MrBlack is very happy because the clothes made in his factory have never been        (popular)

9.2010全国新课标)26I have seldom seen my mother _______ pleased with my progress as she is now

10.2010浙江)11Do you think shopping online will ______ (final) take the place of shopping in stores?

11.2010浙江)19Playing on a frozen sports field sounds like a lot of funIsn't it rather risky, _______?

[真题再现] 1. increasingly;  2. frequent;  3. personal;   4. immediate;  5. merely;  6. Meanwhile; 7. equally;  8. more popular;  9. so;  10. finally;  11. though

 [考点归纳]

1.  形容词有两个基本的语法功能:一是用来修辞名词或代词作定语,语法学上称为modifier;二是用在连系动词后作表语。形容词也可以在句子中作宾补、状语。例如:

AI have something interesting to tell you. (作定语)

BThe weather is getting warmer and warmer. (作表语)

CThe news made every one happy. (作宾补)

DHe went to bed, cold and hungry. (作状语,表示原因、结果或伴随状况)

EMr. White stared into the distance, speechless for a moment. (作状语,表示伴随状况)

2.  副词在句子中作状语,常用来修辞形容词、动词、介词短语、副词,也可以用来修辞整个句子。

AHe had worked hard all his life. (修饰动词)

   BHe is very diligent. (修饰形容词)

   CYou can find books on that subject quite easily. (修饰副词)

   DLuckily she was in when I called. (修饰句子)

3.  由形容词变为副词的构词法规则中,注意以辅音字母+y结尾的形容词,要改yi再加ly”,例如:merry-merrily; heavy-heavily

4.  注意形容词和副词的三个比较等级,即同级比较、比较级和最高级,例如:

AI do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have.(同级比较)

BThe work is more difficult than you thought.(比较级)

CHe was the greatest composer the world has known.(最高级)

5.  注意区别分词性形容词的意义和用法:现在分词转化而生成的形容词(如:interestingexcitingworryingsurprisingastonishing等)通常修饰除人以外的事物或用来说明该物的性质、特征、属性等,隐含了主动的含义,译成汉语有令人意思;由过去分词转化而生成的形容词(interestedexcitedworriedsurprisedastonished)通常用来修饰人及有情感的动物或对该人或动物情感的阐述、说明等,隐含了被动含义,译成汉语“…

6.  注意区别一些同根副词的意义和用法,例如:deepdeeplyhighhighlywidewidelycloseclosely。一般说来不带-ly的副词多表示实际意义,而带-ly的副词多表示比喻意义。例如:

A.      They live close to the museum.(实际意义,靠近、接近”)

B.      They are closely watching the developments.(比喻意义,密切地、仔细地”)

7.  写作中注意正确应用形容词和副词的比较等级,学会正确表达…”越来越…”。例如:

A.      Her voice rose higher and higher with excitement.

B.      The more we study, the more we discover our ignorance.

8.  注意有些功能性副词也可能不给提示出现在广东高考语法填空中,如furthermoreotherwiseelsemorelessthoughtoo, moreover, however等。例如:

A--Must I turn off the gas after cooking?

--Of course. You can never be ______careful with that. (填副词too

    B--How is everything going on with you in Europe?

--Quite well. Not so smoothly as I hoped. _______. (填副词though

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