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语法突破----介词

2011-05-22 18:05:22
分类:语法突破

介词

[真题再现]

(注:本练习中将全国各地高考题中的选择题改编成了填空题。)

使用适当的词或所给词的正确形式填空:

1.       (2010上海,25) Sean had formed the habit of jogging ____ the tree-lined avenue for two hours every day.

2.       (2010上海,38) Wind power is an ancient source of energy _____ which we may return in the near future.

3.       (2010天津,13) My father warned me _____ going to the West Coast because it was crowded with tourists.

4.       (2010江苏,29) So far we have done a lot to build a low-carbon economy, but it is far ______ ideal. We have to work still harder.

5.       (2010江西,29) We give dogs time, space and love we can spare, and _____ return, dogs gives us their all.

6.       (2010江西,34) Nowadays some hospitals refer to patients _____ name, not case number.

7.       (2010福建,27) More and more high-rise buildings have been built in big cities _____ lack of space.

8.       (2010浙江,7) I guess we’ve already talked about this before but I’ll ask you again just _____ case.

9.       (2010辽宁,31) I agree to his suggestion _____ condition that he drops all charges.

参考答案

[真题再现]解析:

1.       along  沿着

2.       to  考查固定搭配中的介词。“return to”重新利用。

3.       against  “warn sb. Against doing sth.” 警告某人不要做某事。

4.       from  考查固定搭配中的介词。far from远非,远未。

5.       in  “in return”作为回报。

6.       by  by表示方式。“by name” 凭名字。

7.       for  “for lack of”因缺乏。

8.       in  “in case”以防万一。

9.       on “on condition that”条件是….;以为条件。

 

 [考点归纳]

1.  介词是一种结构词,不能单独充当句子成分,必须与名词或代词或相当于名词的词构成介词短语,才能在句子中充当一个成分。介词短语在句中可作状语、定语、表语和宾语补足语等成分。

2.  常见介词的用法:

A. 表示时间的介词,如:at, on, in, by, before, after, around, since, until/till, for, during, within, between, from等。

B. 表示位置、方向、方位的介词,如:at, in, on, over, above, under, below, down, behind, after, before, near, by, beside, onto, into, inside, outside, among, between, to, towards, for, across, through, from, off, round, around, about, along, beyond等。

C. 表示原因、理由的介词,如:at, for, with, on, of, from, through, in, by, because of, due to, owing to, thanks to等。

D.表示关于、至于的介词,如:about, on, as to, as for, in/with regard to, with respect to等。

E. 表示方法、手段、工具的介词,如:by, in, on, with等。

F. 表示价格、比率、对比、速度等的介词,如:at, for, by, above等。

G.表示特征、属性的介词ofwith;表示比较的介词likeas 表示赞成、反对的介词foragainst;表示除去的介词butbesidesexceptexcept for apart fromother than等的用法。

3.  常见固定搭配中的介词:

A动词+介词搭配,如:argue about; complain about; run after; compete against; glance at; hope for; account for; long for; run for; die from; believe in; dream of; depend on; refer to; deal with; turn into; come across 等。

B形容词+介词搭配, 如:curious about; certain about; delighted at; angry at; eager for; suitable for; grateful for; different from; active in; engaged in; confident of; guilty of; fond of; conscious of; strict on; addicted to; blind to; content with; satisfied with等。

C名词+介词搭配,如:belief in; passion for; answer to; concern for/about/over; reason for; reply to; taste for; access to; response to; demand for; key to; solution to; effect on; complaint about/of; defence against; advantage over; research on/into; decision on; pressure on等。

D介词+名词搭配,如:after school; at present; in ruins; in charge; for fun; by mistake; on purpose; in debt; on leave; in rags; beyond belief; by chance; in advance; for example; at any cost; beyond expression; to one’s joy; to one’s taste; to a degree; on holiday; in return; in despair等。

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