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语法突破----非谓语动词

2011-05-22 18:05:58
分类:语法突破

非谓语动词

[真题再现]

(注:本练习中将全国各地高考题中的选择题改编成了填空题。)

使用所给词的正确形式填空:

1. 2010安徽30 He had wonderful childhood, _____ (travel)with his mother to all corners of the word

2. (2010福建)25Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, ________(send) supplies to Yushu, Oinghai province after the earthquake.

3. 2010北京21 __________ (look) at my classmates' faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes.

4.2010北京)25I'm calling to enquire about the position _________ (advertise)in yesterday's China Daily.

5.2010湖南)21Listen! Do you hear someone _______ (call)for help?

6.2010湖南)26Dina,  ________ (struggle)for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency.

7.2010湖南)30So far nobody has claimed the money ________ in the library.

8.2010江苏)28The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu ,________ (enable) the students to return to their classrooms

9.2010江西)24The lady welled around the shops,  __________(keep) an eye out for bargains.

10.2010江西)32There were many talented actors out there just waiting________       (discover).

11.2010辽宁)25We were astonished _______ (find) the temple still in its original condition

12.2010辽宁)35Alexander  tried  to  get  his  work  _______ (recognize) in  the   medical   circles.

13.2010全国11Though ______ (surprise) to see usthe professor gave us a warm welcome.

14.2010全国新课标)27MrsWhite showed her students some old maps ______ (borrow) from the library

15.2010全国新课标)34With Father’s Day around the corner ,I have taken some money out of the bank ______  (buy) presents for my dad

16.2010山东)23I have a lot of readings _____ (complete) before the end of this term

17.2010山东)29The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already ______ (lay) for a meal to be cooked

18.2010陕西)16_____ (see)from the top of the tower ,the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees   

19.2010陕西)19His first book  _________(publish) next month is based on a true story                      

20.2010上海)32I had great difficulty_________(find) the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant.

21.2010上海)33Lucy has a great sense of  humour and always keeps her colleagues ______(amuse)with her stories.

22.2010上海)35 _________the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 metres in height

23.2010上海)40Thai is the only way we can imagine _______ (reduce) the overuse of water in students' bathrooms                                                                    

24.2010四川)4A great number of students ________(question) said they were forced to practice the piano   

25.2010天津)12I rained heavily in the south, _______ (cause )serious flooding in several provinces.

26.2010浙江)8The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if ______ (carry) out regularly, can improve our health

27.2010浙江)20The traffic rule says young children under the age of four and _______  (weigh) less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat

28.2010重庆)30The news shocked the public, ________ (lead) to great concern about students’ safety at school.

29.2010重庆)34Many buildings in the city need repairing, but the one ______(repair)first is the library.

30.(2010福建,)34In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained _______  (stick) abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud

[真题再现]  1.travelling; 2.sending; 3.Looking; 4. advertised; 5.calling; 6. having struggled;  7.discovered;  8.enabling 9. keeping;  10.to be discovered 11. to find;  12. recognized; 13. surprised; 14. borrowed;  15. to buy  16. to complete; 17. laid;  18. Seen;  19. to be published;  20. finding;  21. amused;  22. Approaching; 23. to reduce;  24. questioned;  25. causing;  26. carried;  27. weighing;  28. leading; 29. to be repaired;  30. stuck

 

 [考点归纳]

1.  非谓语动词在句子中,不能作谓语,而是担任其他语法功能,包括动词不定式、动词的-ing形式和过去分词。

2.  非谓语动词有时态和语态的变化,如下表:

 

 

时态

语态

主动

被动

动词不定式

一般式

to write

to be written

进行式

to be writing

/

完成式

to have written

to have been written

完成进行式

to have been writting

/

动词的-ing形式

一般式

writing

/

完成式

having written

having been written

过去分词

一般式

/

written

3.  区别动词不定式、动词的-ing形式和过去分词的方法:第一,从动作发生的时间上区别。不定式表示的动作多发生在将来;动词的-ing形式表示的动作正在进行;过去分词表示的动作已完成。第二,从主动和被动上区别。非谓语动词通常都有一个逻辑主语,若非谓语动词所表示的动作和逻辑主语之间构成主谓关系,通常用不定式或动词的-ing形式;若构成动宾关系,则用过去分词。

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