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语法突破----定语从句

2011-05-22 19:05:01
分类:语法突破

定语从句

[真题再现]

(注:本练习中将全国各地高考题中的选择题改编成了填空题。)

使用适当的词或所给词的正确形式填空:

1.       (2010课标全国,24) As a child, Jack studied in a village school, _____ is named after his grandfather.

2.       (2010北京,27) Children who are not active or _____ diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly.

3.       (2010天津,8) ---- Can you believe I had to pay 30 dollars for a haircut?

     ---- You should try the barber’s ____ I go. It’s only 15.

4.       (2010山东,24) That’s the new machine _____ parts are too small to be seen.

5.       (2010陕西,11) The old temple _____ roof was damaged in a storm is now under repair.

6.       (2010江西,31) The girl arranged to have piano lessons at the training centre with his sister _____ she would stay for an hour.

7.       (2010福建,24) Stephen Hawking believe that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet _____ life has developed gradually.

8.       (2010浙江,3) The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of _____ left their village homes for a better life in the city.

9.       (2010湖南,28) I’ve become good friends with several of the students in my school _____ I met in the English speech contest last year.

10.   (2010四川,10) After graduating from college, I took some time off to go travelling, _____ turned out to be a wise decision.

11.   (2010重庆,28) In China, the number of cities is increasing _____ development is recognized across the world.

[真题再现]解析:

1.  which 引导非限定性定语从句。

2.  whose  连词or连接两个定语从句,先行词是children,第二个从句中缺定语,用关系代词whose

3.  where。把先行项 the barbar’s 还原到从句中:I go to the barbar’s. 从句中缺少表示地点的状语,用关系副词where

4.  whose。先行项为 the new machine,把先行项还原到从句中:The new machine’s parts are too small to be seen. 可以看出从句中缺定语,要用whose

5.  whose。关系代词whose在从句中作定语。

6.  where。先行项是the training center,表示地点,从句中缺状语,所以用关系副词where

7.  where。把先行项还原到从句中构成这样一个简单句:life has developed gradually on the only planet 从句中缺少表示地点的状语,用关系副词where

8.  whom。先行项指人,关系代词whom在从句中作介词of的宾语,用whom

9.  who/whom/that。先行词是the students,指人,从句中缺少宾语,这里可以用who/whom/that,也可以省略关系代词。

10.              whichwhich引导非限定性定语从句,先行项是前面整个句子。

11.              whose。关系代词whose在从句中作定语。句意:在中国城市的数量在快速地增加,其发展被世界所公认。

 [考点归纳]

1.  高考对定语从句的考查集中体现在关系词的选择上,包括关系代词和关系副词。关系代词只有6个,即:thatwhichwhowhomwhoseas,关系副词只有3个,即:whenwherewhy

2.  选择关系代词和关系副词的方法:由于关系词既有连接作用又有替代作用和成分作用(引导定语从句并在从句中替代先行项/词而且还充当一定的成分),所以在选择关系词时有一个很简单的方法。把先行项/词还原到从句中,看看该用什么关系词来替代。例如:

I visited a scientist ______ name is known all over the country. 把先行词a scientist还原到从句中就是:the scientist’s name is known all over the country 可见从句中缺定语,这里该填whose。又如:The school _____ I studied for only two years was three kilometers away.

把先行词the school还原到从句中就构成这样一个简单句:I studied for two years in the school. “in the school”是一个表示地点的介词短语,在从句中作状语,要用where=in which)来替代。

3.  注意关系代词aswhich引导非限定性定语从句的区别:as引导的非限定性定语从句可以置于句首,而which引导的非限定性定语从句只能位于句中或句尾。

4.  注意掌握只用关系代替that、只用关系代词which的常见的几种情况,以及介词+关系代词引导的定语从句。

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