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语法突破----特殊句式

2011-05-22 19:05:55
分类:语法突破

特殊句式

[真题再现]

(注:本练习中将全国各地高考题中的选择题改编成了填空题。)

使用适当的词或所给词的正确形式填空:

1.       (2010陕西,17) John opened the door. _____ stood a girl he had never seen before.

2.       (2010江西,33) Not until he left his home _____ he begin to know how important the family was for him.

3.       (2010湖南,25) John’s success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work _____ has made him what he is today.

4.       (2010安徽,27) It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village _____ the hostess cooked such a nice dinner.

5.       (2010四川,9) We laugh at jokes, but seldom _____ we think about how they work.

6.       It was with great joy ______ he received the news that his lost daughter had been found.

7.       It is not who is right but what is right ______ is of importance.

8.       ______ was not until we had stayed together for a couple of weeks that I found we had a lot in common.

9.       I don’t mind her criticizing me, but it is how she does it _____ I object to.

10.   The flowers his friend gave him will die unless ______ (water) every day.

11.   The little boy came riding full speed down the motorway on his bicycle. _____ a dangerous scene it was!

12.   Strange ____ it might sound, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting.

13.   I just wonder _____ it is that makes him so excited.

14.   Should you be fired, your health care and other benefits will not be _______ (immediate) cut off.

15.   ----I was wondering if we could to skiing on the weekend.

---- ______ (sound ) good.

16. Only if you eat the correct foods ______  you be able to keep fit and stay healthy.

17. Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we could have managed it  _______ you.

18.        is not how much you read but what you read that counts .

19. New technology was used in teaching. As a result, not only           teacher’s energy saved, but students became more interested in the lessons.

20.            is the power of TV that it can make a person suddenly famous.

21. So sudden was the attack  _______ the enemy had no time to escape.

参考答案

[真题再现]1.There; 2. did; 3. that; 4. that; 5. do; 6. that; 7. that; 8. It; 9. that; 10.watered; 11. What; 12. as; 13. what; 14. immediately;15. Sounds; 16. will; 17. without; 18. It;  19. was; 20. Such; 21. that;

[考点归纳]

1.  特殊句式包括强调句、倒装句、省略句等。因为我们常见的句子多数是陈述句,所以当我们在分析句子结构时,如果发现很难弄清句子结构,就要考虑特殊句式。对特殊句式我们通常采用还原句子结构或补全句子结构的方法来分析句子。具体说来,强调句去掉结构词it is/was… that/who后句子结构就一目了然了;对于倒装句,我们把它还原成正常的语序,再来分析句子结构;对于省略句,我们把省略的部分补全后就很容易分析句子结构了。

2.  掌握强调句的基本结构以及常见的完全倒装和部分倒装的几种情况,准确识别各种特殊句式。

3.  在写作中若能恰当使用强调、倒装等特殊句式,会增加文章的色彩。

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