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高中英语之动词不定式的省略

2013-06-18 10:06:53
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为了避免重复,我们常常把作宾语、宾补和谓语动词的一部分的不定式省略,只保留动词不定式的符号to。现将常见省略不定式的几种情况通过实例加以简析,供大家参考:
1)—How about coming to my house?
  —I’d love to if it doesn’t give you so much trouble.
hope, like, love, promise, want, wish等词后作宾语的不定式常省略。再如:
  You may go if you want to.
She can get a job if she hopes to.
  —How about going hunting with me tomorrow?
  —I’d like to, but I have no time.
  (2)Don’t close the window until I ask you to.
allow, ask, tell 等词后作宾语补足语的不定式常省略。再如:
  Don’t touch the light unless your mother allows you to.
  Don’t plant potatoes until the peasant tells you to.
  (3)He didn’t want to hand in his composition, but he had to.
be able to, be going to, have to, need to, enough to, used to等后的不定式需省略。再如:
  I don’t sing much, now, but I used to a lot.
  If you don’t want to say anything at the meeting, you don’t need to.
  She didn’t go out last night, because she was afraid to.
afraid, glad, happy, pleased, sorry等词后作状语的不定式常省略。再如:—Will you go with me to see the film tonight?
  —I’ll be glad to.
nothing but/except 后接不定式时如果nothing前有实义动词do时,后面接不带to的不定式。例如:
I have nothing to do but sleep.
I can not do anything but follow his advice.
注意:如果不定式是完成式时,要把have带上,不能省略。例如:
----He must have seen the film before.
----Yes, he must have.
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