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必修1 Unit 1 Friendship 知识梳理

2013-07-17 14:07:29
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●重点单词
1upset adj.心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的 vt.使不安;使心烦
2ignore vt.不理睬;忽视→ignorance n.愚昧→ignorant adj.无知的;粗鲁的
3calm vt. & vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定 adj.平静的;镇静的;沉着的
4concern vt. & n(使)担忧;涉及;关系到;担心;关注;(利害)关系→concerned adj.担忧的→concerning prep.关于
5loose adj.松的;松开的
6series n.连续;系列
7outdoors adv.在户外;在野外
8entire adj.整个的;完全的;全部的
9power n.能力;力量;权力→powerful adj.有权势的
10settle vi.安家;定居;停留vt.使安居;安排;解决→settled adj.settlement n.安居;定居
11suffer vt. &vt.遭受;忍受;经历→suffering n.痛苦;折磨
12recover vi. &vt.痊愈;恢复;重新获得→recovery n.痊愈
13pack vi. &vt.捆扎;包装;打行李 n.小包;包裹
14exactly adv.确实如此;正是;确切地→exact adj.精确的
15disagree vi.不同意→disagreement n.→agree 反义词
 
重点短语
1add up合计
2calm down 平静下来;镇定下来
3have got to 不得不必须
4be concerned about 关心挂念
5go through 经历;经受
6set down 放下;记下;登记
7a series of 一连串的;一系列的
8on purpose 故意
9in order to 为了……
10at dusk 在黄昏时刻
11face to face 面对面
12no longer/not any longer 不再
13suffer from 遭受;患病
14get/be tired of ……厌烦
15pack (sth.) up (东西)装箱打包
16get along with ……相处;进展
17fall in love 相爱;爱上
18join in 参加;加入
重点句型
1While walking the dog,_you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了接着它被一辆小车撞着了
2... tell him/her that he/she should have studied...
……告诉他/她本该学习……
3I wonder if its because I havent been able to be outdoors for so long that Ive grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.我不知道这是不是因为我长时间无法出门的缘故使我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都那样狂热
4...it was the first time in a year and a half that Id seen the night face to face...
……这是我一年半以来第一次观察夜晚……
5Mother asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是不是很热
       
互动探究·能力备考
.词汇短语过关
1upset adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的,不适的
vt. 使不安;使心烦,打乱(upset; upset)
be upset about ……感到心烦
It upsets sb. that 让某人心烦的是……
It upsets sb. to do sth. ……使某人不快
upset the plan 搅乱了计划
 
2ignore vt. 不理睬;忽视;不顾(强调装作不知道或没看到)
ignorant adj. 无知的;愚昧的;不知道的
ignorance n. 无知;愚昧;不知道
ignore sb./sth. 不理睬某人/假装不知道或未见
be ignorant of/about sth.be in ignorance of sth.不知道某事
 
3.concern vt. (使)担忧;涉及;关系到
n. 担心;关注;(利害)关系
concerning prep. 关于
concerned adj. 关心的;挂念的;有关的
show/express concern about/for 对……表示关心/担心
have concern with 和……有关系
with concern 关切地
concern oneself about/for 担忧/关心……
concern oneself with 从事,参与……
concern sb./sth. 与……有关
be concerned about/over/for 关心,挂念
be concerned with/in 牵扯进/参与……
all parties concerned 有关各方
as/so far as... be concerned 就……而言
4.series n. 系列;连续
a series of         一连串的;一系列的
a series of exams   一连串的考试
a TV series 一部电视连续剧
注意:(1)series 属于单复数同形的单词,类似的单词还有 means, species, works(工厂),deer, fish, sheep 等。
(2)“a series of+复数名词”做主语时,谓语动词用单数,但“these/those series of+复数名词”做主语时,谓语动词用复数。
5.settle vi. 安家;定居;停留
 vt. 使定居;安排;解决
settle in/into (使)适应(新的家、工作、环境等),习惯于;
安顿下来
settle down 安居下来;定居,过安定生活,舒适地坐下或
躺下
settle on/upon 同意,决定;在某处停留/栖息
settle down to n./v.-ing
get down to n./v.-ing开始认真做……,专心于……
settle one's affairs 安排/解决好自己的事情
settle a dispute/an argument 解决争端
6.suffer vt.& vi. 遭受;忍受;经历
suffering n. (身体、精神上的)痛苦,苦恼、苦难的经历
suffer pain/loss/defeat/punishment/hardship
遭受痛苦/损失/失败/惩罚/艰难
suffer from 受……折磨,受……之苦;患……疾病
7.recover vi.&vt. 痊愈;恢复;重新获得
recovery n. 恢复,复原;复得
recover from sth. 从……中恢复到正常状态
(如健康、神智等)
recover sth. from... 从……中找回、重新获得
recover oneself 清醒过来
recover one's health/senses 恢复健康/知觉
8.add up 合计
add sth. up 把……加起来
add up to 加起来共计/达
add...to... 把……加在/上……
add to 增加;增添
add that...补充说
9.go through
=experience 经历,经受
=examine carefully 仔细检查
=look through 浏览,翻阅
=pass (through) 通过,经过
=be used up 用完
拓展:break through 冲破
get through 完成,通过
live through 活过……
look through 浏览
cut through 穿过
put through 接通电话
10.set down
(1)=write down 写下,记下
(2)=put down 放下,搁下
(3)=stop and allow sb. to get off 让某人下车
(4)=explain or describe to oneself as 解释为,认为
(与 as 连用)
拓展:set about doing sth.开始干某事
(=set out to do sth.)
set off开始;出发(=set out);引爆
set out出发;开始(后接to do);陈列;阐述
set up建立,创设,开办
set back把(钟表指针)往回拨
set aside留出;不顾;取消
set free释放;解放
set sb. a good example为……树立好榜样
11.in order to 为了……
(1)in order to 引导的目的状语,可置于句首或句末,
可换成 to (do sth.)。
so as to 引导的目的状语,其位置一般在句末。
(2)否定结构:in order not to do 和 so as not to do。
(3)前后两部分主语一致时,才能用 in order to 或 so as
to 来引导,否则,改用 so that 或 in order that 来引导。
12.get along/on with
与……相处 get along/on well/nicely with....
进展(谈及或问及工作情况)
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